First of all, at the time I change Kian, I remove the inserts from the diaper and toss the diaper, inserts, liner, and wipes into the dirty diaper pail.
Here's my wash routine;
1) Rinse and Spin (on cold) - This rinses out all the waste from the dipes. If I know that this batch of diapers were exceptionally dirty (like when Kian had an upset stomach....sorry for the TMI) I will do an additional rinse and spin but I've only done that maybe two times.
2) Wash on Hot with detergent of choice - The hot wash sterilizes the diapers. If you are using special detergent made for cloth diapers, follow the recommended amount on the box. If you are using a general detergent, use 1/4 to 1/2 the recommended amount. When we started out, I did SOOOOO much research on detergent. I made a huge list of all the no-no ingredients and headed to Target where I found not one detergent that met the bill. I tried the one that came the closest.....I believe it was made by Arm and Hammer....but after a month, the diapers were leaking. So, I swallowed my fear and did what my cloth mama friends suggested and switched to Tide Free. It works GREAT! Since switching, the only time our diapers have leaked has been if we left the baby in the diaper too long. Duh. We have used Tide Free strictly with no problems for almost a year now. On the box, it recommends filling to "line 1" for large loads. I took a sharpy and made a line on the measuring scoop that was 1/4 of that and that is how much detergent we use per load. Needless to say, detergent lasts forever in our house, adding to our savings by choosing to go cloth.
3) Rinse and Spin (on cold) with Vinegar - This last rinse and spin is just to get out any additional soap that may be left in the dipes. Soap buildup makes diapers leak so you want to make sure its all out. That's another reason why you only use 1/4 - 1/2 the recommended amount of detergent. I have found that vinegar is my favorite secret weapon with cloth diapers. It helps strip the diapers of soap. If you are having leaking problems you can soak your diapers in vinegar overnight in the washer. Since adding vinegar to my last rinse and spin, I have never had to do a vinegar soak for stripping. I think it makes the diapers smell better too. I don't measure, honestly. I just dump some in. I'm guessing its a cup or two.
4) Line Dry - I prefer to line dry my diapers and inserts. I personally think they are more absorbent being line dried and they get naturally bleached by the sun. I will pull out stained inserts from the washer and after being on the line, the stains are completely gone. Plus, this is another money saver. Line drying the dipes makes the elastic last longer too. I don't love to hang dry my wipes and diaper liners. Honestly, I just don't have enough clothes line room for the liners right now and they dry so fast anyways, I just throw them in the dryer. The wipes get so starchy on the line I feel like I'm rubbing sand paper against my baby's bottom. So I sift out the liners and the wipes and put them in the dryer. After I hang my dipes and inserts, I start a load of clothing and once that's washed, I throw it in the dryer with my still wet wipes and liners and turn on the dryer. Again, combining the wipes and liners with another drying load saves money and energy.
So that's my drill. It may seem like a lot but its not. I just wanted to explain it as completely as possible so you know the purpose of each step. Once you get into your routine, you will be able to do it in your sleep.